Medical and Surgical Nursing Questions and Answers: MCQs regarding Medical Surgical Nursing with accurate answers for a nursing examination. In this post we have provided all the important medical surgical nursing questions with answers available. See all the MCQs regarding the same is given in the below section.
Medical and Surgical Nursing Questions and Answers
1. What is the temperature regulating center of body?
B. Medulla Oblangata
2. The types of cells that are most common in the CNS are______
3. While assessing a paralyzed patient who is below the T4 level, the medical-surgical nurse needs to find:
A. flaccidity of the upper extremities.
B. hyperreflexia and spasticity of the upper extremities.
C. impaired diaphragmatic function requiring ventilator support.
D. independent use of upper extremities and efficient cough.
4. _______ represents the inability to identify familiar objects.
5. Paralysis of corelating parts on both sides of the body, majorly affecting the legs more grievously than the arms is known as_____
6. The first move when applying the quality improvement process to a pursuit in a clinical setting is to:
A. gather a team to review and revise the activity.
B. assemble data to measure the activity status.
C. choose an activity for improvement.
D. set a measurable level for the activity.
7. Pentaplegia refers to quadriplegia plus__________
C. Respiratory paralysis
D. Paralytic ileus
8. A CPP of a patient with BP 140/ 90 mmHg and ICP 10 mmHg is ?
A. 96 mmHg
B. 106 mmHg
C. 116 mmHg
D. 120 mmHg
9. A statement by a patient shows an accurate understanding about herbal supplements is__________
A. “Herbs may interact with prescribed medications but not other herbs.”
B. “Most herbs have been tested and found to be safe and therapeutic.”
C. “The Food and Drug Administration regulates herbs and allows advertising.”
D. “There is no standardization among the manufacturers of herbs in this country.”
10. A patient having Crohn’s disease, the medical-surgical nurse recommends a diet that is:
A. high in fiber, and low in calories and protein.
B. high in potassium.
C. low in fiber, and high in protein and calories.
D. low in potassium.
11. Which among the following is the therapeutic position given after intratentorial surgery?
A. Flat position
B. Semi-Fowler’s position at an angle of 30 degrees
C. Prone position
D. Trendlenburg position
12. What is contraindicated in cerebral aneurysm?
C. Anti-lipid therapy
D. Rectal temperature assessment
13. Choose the most common, preventable issue of abdominal surgery is:
B. fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
D. urinary retention.
14. Silver nitrate dressings may cause?
A. Abnormality in blood gases
B. Abnormal blood count
C. Depletion of sodium and potassium
D. Increased BUN
15. What are the classical signs of autonomic dysreflexia?
A. Hypertension and tachycardia
B. Hypertension and bradycardia
C. Hypotension and tachycardia
D. Hypotension and bradycardia
16. __________ diagnosis is only possible with MRI?
A. Posterior fossa tumour
17. Xanthoma means?
A. Dry mouth
B. Dryness of conjunctiva
C. Yellowish plaques that occur most commonly near the inner canthus
D. Fatty growth develop underneath the skin
18. The correct medication for treating SLE is?
19. A male patient is suffering from tonic-clonic seizure. What should the nurse do first?
A. Elevate the head of the bed
B. Hold the client’s arms and legs
C. Place a tongue blade in the client’s mouth
D. Take measures to prevent injury
20. _________ best explains a sentinel event alert?
A. Record the breakdown in communication during a shift report.
B. Showing that a community or institution is unsafe.
C. Documenting the harm done when a medication error occurs.
D. Signaling the requirement for immediate investigation and response.
21. Which among the following is mainly a developmental task of middle age?
A. Learning and adapting new skills and information.
B. Developing and rediscovering satisfaction in one’s relationship with a significant other.
C. Relying strongly upon spiritual beliefs.
D. Taking risk and its perceived consequences.
22. An acronym for gas gangrene is?
B. Diabetic foot
C. Clostridial myositis
23. Which type of vitamin must be restricted for a patient on Levodopa?
24. Immense citrated blood given over a short duration may cause?
25. The auxiliary response of the antibodies against the same antigen is best known as?
A. Immune response
C. Anaphylactic reaction
D. Anamnestic response
26. _________ take place mainly during the evaluation phase of the nursing process?
A. Data collection.
B. Decision-making and judgment.
C. Priority-setting and expected outcomes.
D. Reassessment and audit.
27. The full name for ‘TIGH’ is?
A. Tetanus Immune Globulin, Human
B. None of these
C. Total Intake of Growth Hormone
D. Time, Incidence, Goal and Hormone
28. Transplant rejection is a case of?
A. Type 2 hypersensitivity
B. Type 3 hypersensitivity
C. Type 4 hypersensitivity
D. Type 1 hypersensitivity
29. __________is the first drug of choice of status epilepticus?
30. Which of the following is a screening test for balance?
A. Rinne’s test
B. Webber test
C. Allen’s test
D. Romberg’s test